What Was Tashkent Agreement

The Tashkent Agreement: Understanding Its Significance

On January 10, 1966, India and Pakistan signed the Tashkent Agreement to end the 1965 war between the two countries. This agreement was brokered by the Soviet Union, and its signing marked a significant milestone in the history of the region. In this article, we will dive deep into what the Tashkent Agreement is, what it meant for India and Pakistan, and its impact on the future of their relationship.

What is the Tashkent Agreement?

The Tashkent Agreement, also known as the Tashkent Declaration, is an agreement signed between India and Pakistan in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. The agreement was signed on the initiative of the then-Soviet Union to put an end to the hostilities that arose between India and Pakistan during the 1965 war. The agreement was signed by the Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan.

What did the Tashkent Agreement mean for India and Pakistan?

The Tashkent Agreement marked the end of the armed conflict between India and Pakistan, which lasted for more than five weeks. The war had caused a massive loss of life and property, and India hoped that the Tashkent Agreement would bring lasting peace to the region.

Under the agreement, both India and Pakistan agreed to withdraw their troops to their pre-war positions and to respect the Line of Control (LOC) between the two countries. The agreement also stated that both countries would not interfere in each other`s internal affairs, and that they would work towards promoting friendly relations between them.

The agreement was seen as a major diplomatic victory for India, as it brought an end to the conflict through peaceful negotiations. It also marked the first time that an India-Pakistan dispute was settled through the intervention of a third country, the Soviet Union.

Impact of the Tashkent Agreement on India-Pakistan relationship

The Tashkent Agreement was a significant step towards improving the relationship between India and Pakistan. However, it did not bring about long-lasting peace to the region. The agreement was met with opposition from hardliners on both sides, and this led to a deterioration in the relationship between the two countries.

In 1971, India and Pakistan went to war again, and this time, India emerged victorious with the creation of Bangladesh. The Tashkent Agreement was largely forgotten, and it did not have much impact on the future of the relationship between the two countries.


In conclusion, the Tashkent Agreement marked a significant moment in the history of India and Pakistan. The agreement brought an end to the 1965 war and marked the first time that a dispute between the two countries was settled through peaceful negotiations. However, the agreement did not bring about long-lasting peace, and the relationship between India and Pakistan remained fraught with tension. The Tashkent Agreement serves as a reminder that resolving conflicts through peaceful negotiations is the best way forward for the region.