Which Of The Following Is Not A Member Of The North American Free Trade Agreement
Analysts agree that NAFTA has opened up new opportunities for small and medium-sized enterprises. Mexican consumers spend more on U.S. products each year than their counterparts in Japan and Europe, so the stakes are high for business owners. (Most STUDIES ON NAFTA focus on the impact of U.S. business with Mexico. Trade with Canada has also been improved, but the passage of the trade agreement has not had as much impact on the already liberal trade practices to which America and its northern neighbour have adhered.) Key NAFTA provisions provided for the gradual dismantling of tariffs, tariffs and other barriers to trade between the three members, with some tariffs being lifted immediately and others over up to 15 years. The agreement ultimately ensured duty-free access to a wide range of industrial products and goods traded between the signatories. Domestic goods status has been granted to products imported from other NAFTA countries, prohibiting any state, local or provincial government from imposing taxes or duties on these goods. The North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act made some changes to U.S. copyright law and anticipated the Uruguay Round Agreements Act of 1994 by restoring copyright (in NAFTA countries) to certain films that were in the public domain.   Highly organized opposition to NAFTA has focused on the fear that the removal of trade barriers will encourage U.S.
companies to pack their bags and move to Mexico to take advantage of cheap labor. This concern grew in the early years of the 2000s, when the economy went through a recession and the recovery that followed turned out to be a « jobless recovery. » Opposition to NAFTA was also strong among environmental groups, who claimed that the anti-pollution elements of the treaty were woefully inadequate. This criticism has not diminished since the implementation of NAFTA. In fact, Mexico and Canada have been repeatedly cited for environmental offences. Since the first negotiations, agriculture has been a controversial issue within NAFTA, as has been the case with almost all free trade agreements signed under the WTO. Agriculture was the only step that was not negotiated trilaterally; Instead, three separate agreements were signed between each pair of parties. The Canada-U.S. agreement included significant restrictions and tariff rate quotas for agricultural products (mainly sugar, dairy, and poultry products), while the Mexico-U.S. pact allowed for broader liberalization during exit periods (it was the first North-South free trade agreement for agriculture to be signed). [Clarification required] The overall impact of the agricultural agreement between Mexico and the United States is controversial. Mexico has not invested in the infrastructure needed for competition, such as efficient railways and highways. This has led to more difficult living conditions for the country`s poor.
Mexico`s agricultural exports grew by 9.4% per year between 1994 and 2001, while imports grew by only 6.9% per year over the same period.  Proponents campaigned for NAFTA because it opened up Mexican markets to U.S. companies like never before. The Mexican market is growing rapidly, which promises more export opportunities, which means more jobs. Proponents, however, have struggled to convince the American public that NAFTA would do more good than harm. Their main efforts were to convince people that all consumers would benefit from the widest possible choice of products at the lowest possible price, meaning that consumers would be the biggest beneficiaries of lowering barriers to trade. ==The Chamber of Commerce, which represents the interests of small businesses, has been one of the most active supporters of NAFTA and has organized the owners and employees of small and medium-sized enterprises to support the agreement. This support was essential to counter the unions` efforts to stop the deal. Chapter 19 of NAFTA was a trade dispute settlement mechanism that subjects anti-dumping and countervailing duty (AD/CVM) rulings to review by a binational panel instead of or in addition to traditional judicial review.  For example, in the United States, the review of authorities` decisions imposing anti-dumping and countervailing duties is normally negotiated before the United States. .