Agreement Concluded At Munich September 29 1938
On May 22, Juliusz Łukasiewicz, Poland`s ambassador to France, told French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet that if France advanced against Germany to defend Czechoslovakia, « we will not move. » Łukasiewicz also said bonnet that Poland would oppose any attempt by Soviet forces to defend Czechoslovakia from Germany. « Not only can we not count on Polish support, but we do not have confidence that Poland will not hit us on the back, » Daladier told the Soviet ambassador to France.  However, the Polish government has repeatedly hinted (March 1936 and May, June and August 1938) that it was ready to fight Germany if the French decided to help Czechoslovakia: « Beck`s proposal to Bonnet, his statements to Ambassador Drexel Biddle, and Vansittart`s statement show that the Polish Foreign Minister was indeed prepared to: to make a radical change of policy when the Western powers decide to go to war with Germany. These proposals and statements, however, did not elicit any reaction from the British and French governments, which aimed to avoid a war by appreasing Germany.  [still] An agreement signed at the Munich Conference of September 1938 ceded to Germany the German-speaking Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia. The agreement was concluded between Germany, Italy, Great Britain and France. Czechoslovakia was not allowed to participate in the conference. In March 1939, six months after the signing of the Munich Agreement, Hitler violated the agreement and destroyed the Czech state. UCLA Film and Television Archive He had reached an agreement setting out a timetable and conditions for the Nazi takeover of the German-speaking territories of Czechoslovakia, the Sudetenland. And he had convinced Hitler to sign a sheet of paper that said the two men were determined to « continue our efforts to eliminate possible sources of difference and thus contribute to ensuring the peace of Europe. » The slogan « On us, without us! » (Czech: O nás bez nás!) summarizes the feelings of the people of Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia and the Czech Republic) towards the agreement. [Citation required] With the handover of the Sudetenland to Germany, Czechoslovakia (as the state has just been renamed) lost its defensive border with Germany and its fortifications.
Without it, its independence became more nominal than real. Czechoslovakia also lost 70% of its steel industry, 70% of its electricity and 3.5 million citizens to Germany.  Sudeten Germans celebrated what they saw as their liberation.